Everbrite's Russia, Belarus and Ukraine Pages

Belarus Info

Russia General Info

Russian Consulate Information:
A to F
G to J
K to South Africa
Spain to Z

Obtaining a Russian Visa

Money and Other Tips

Tidbits for Tourists:
A to I
K to Z

Rulers of Russia:
From the Beginning to the Time of Troubles
From the Romanovs to Revolution
From Soviet Times to the present

Russia Regional Information:
Irkutsk/Lake Baikal

Moscow Metro Tour

Central Moscow Tour- in four parts with map:
Part 1 Stops 1 through 13. Marriott Royal/Hotel Budapest to Manezh Ploshchad
Part 2 Stops 14 though 22. Around Manezh Ploshchad
Part 3 Stops 23 though 44. Along Tverskaya Street to the area around Pushkin Square
Part 4 Stops 45 though 48. From Pushkinskaya Ploshchad to Upper St. Peter's Monastery and back

Travel in Russia planes, trains and automobiles

Trans-Siberian Trains
Trans-Siberian Trains general information to get you started on your journey
Trans-Siberian Stops information about common stops along the way
Notes about Chinese Consulates some informataion about Chinese consulates

Russian Language and Culture
The Alphabet
Books, Tapes and other Resources
Basic Words

Ukraine Info


Rulers of Russia and other Relevant Dates

From the Beginning to the Time of Troubles

1147 Prince Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky builds a kremlin and defensive walls
1237-8 The Mongols under Batu Khan burned the fortress to the ground.
1240 Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod defeats the Swedes and rules as Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1252-1263
1272 Prince Daniel, son of Alexander Nevsky arrives from Novgorod and governs from a wooden fortress.
1299 The metropolitan flees Kiev and sets up residence with the grand prince in Vladimir.
1325-1340 Ivan I, or Ivan Kalita (the Moneybags,) son of Prince Daniel chooses Moscow as his residence after being named Grand Prince. He starts a major building program in the Kremlin.
1339 The metropolitan of Kiev moves the seat of the Orthodox Church from Vladimir to Moscow.
1353-1359 Ivan II reigns as Grand Prince.
1362-1389 Dmitri Donskoy orders white limestone walls built around the Kremlin fortress to help it withstand cannon fire.
1367 The Kitai Gorod Walls are constructed.
1380 Dmitri Donskoy defeats Mongols at the Battle of Kulikovo.
1382 Mongols invade again and destroy the city, killing half the population.
1389-1425 Vasily I reigns as Grand Prince.
1425-1460 Vasily II reigns as Grand Prince.
1460-1505 Ivan III (Ivan the Great) reigns as Grand Prince. He rebuilds the Kremlin, adopts the double eagle crest, annexes Novgorod, refuses to pay tribute to the Mongols and defeats their armies.
1460,1465,1472,1480 Mongol invasions.
1495-1519 Kremlin walls, towers and moats are constructed of brick by various Italian and unknown architects.
1505-1533 Vasily III, rules as Grand Prince. He is father of Ivan the Terrible and finishes some of the Kremlin buildings started by his father.
1533-1584 Ivan IV, also known as Ivan the Terrible, crowns himself Tsar of All Russia in 1547, organizes the Oprichniki or special bodyguard to prosecute Boyars. He defeats the Mongols in the far eastern territories. He orders the construction of the Cathedral of Intercession on the Moat, later called St. Basil's.
1534-1538 A wall of white stone is constructed around the area known as Kitai Gorod under the supervision of Petrok Maly or Pyotr the Younger, an Italian architect.
1584-1598 Fyodor I, son of Ivan IV rules as tsar but the country is effectively led by his brother in law, Boris Godunov.
1598-1605 Boris Godunov rules as tsar during the period known as the Time of Troubles.
1605-1613 Continuation of the Time of Troubles during which two false Dmitris claim the throne, and Lithuanian-Polish armies invade and claim the throne for the second False Dmitri.
1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitri Pozharsky retake the Kremlin from Polish invaders.

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last revised 23 November 2009 © 2003-2011 Ruth E. Imershein
The information contained on these pages is intended to assist in making travel plans but things change, mistakes can be made.
Please do not depend entirely on this information when making your decisions.

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