||END OF THE ROMANOV DYNASTY. Vladimir I. Lenin takes control and creates CHEKA, the All-Russia Extraordinary Commission for Struggle Against CounterRevolution, Speculation and Sabotage.|
||World War I ends
||Russian Civil War ends.
||Joseph Stalin becomes General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in April. Lenin has his first major stroke, followed by several others, and he becomes an invalid.
||The Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR) is formed.
||January 20: V.I. Lenin dies. Stalin rules with Trotsky and Bukharin.
||The first Five Year Plan with the forced collectivization of farms.
||The Moscow metro is started.
||Famine caused in part by peasants' passive resistance to the collectivization, destruction pf livestock and general chaos.
||Russo Finnish War is fought.
||Hitler invades Russia.
||Stalin dies. Nikita S. Khrushchev becomes first secretary.
||Hungarian uprising crushed.
||Sputnik I launched.
||Cuban missile crisis with the US occurs.
||Leader of the state, Khrushchev is deposed.
October 14.: Leonid I. Brezhnev becomes the first secretary of CC CPSU
||N.S. Khrushchev dies
||June: Leonid I. Brezhnev replaces Nikolai Podgorny as a president of USSR.
||Afghanistan is invaded.
||Olympic games are held in Moscow. Vladimir Vysotsky dies in Moscow.
||November 10.: L.I. Brezhnev dies from heart attack.
November 12.: Yuri V. Andropov is elected general secretary of CPSU.
||February 9.: Yu.V. Andropov dies.
February 13.: Konstantin U. Chernenko is elected the General secretary of CPSU.
||March 10.: K.U. Chernenko dies.
March 11.: Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the first secretary of CPSU.
||October: M.S. Gorbachev is elected President of the USSR.
||The first multi-candidate elections in the USSR are held. The last Soviet troops leave Afghanistan.
||M.S. Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize.
||January: Crackdowns occur in Baltic countries, Lithuania and Latvia.
August 19. - 23. : The Soviet coup (putsch) disrupts the government.
August 24. : M.S. Gorbachev resigns as head of CPSU.
December 25. : Gorbachev resigns as president of the USSR.
||Boris Yeltsin heads the government of the Russian Federation.
||October: Yeltsin quells a coup attempt.
||December: Start of war in Chechnya.
||Yeltsin elected to a second term.
||August: Ruble crashes.
||Yeltsin resigns on New Year's Day. Vladimir Putin becomes acting president and later is elected president.